A collective agreement is an agreement between a union and an employer that outlines the terms and conditions of employment for a group of workers. It is also known as a collective bargaining agreement or CBA.
The purpose of a collective agreement is to establish a level of fairness and mutual respect between the employer and the employees. It serves as a legally binding contract that regulates the labor relationship and sets out the terms and conditions of employment including wages, hours, benefits, safety standards, and other working conditions.
Collective agreements are typically negotiated by union representatives who are authorized to act on behalf of the workers they represent. The negotiation process usually involves a series of meetings between the union and the employer, with the ultimate goal of reaching a mutually acceptable agreement.
Once the collective agreement is reached, it is often subject to approval by the workers through a ratification process. This ensures that the workers have a say in the terms and conditions of their employment and that they are satisfied with the agreement.
Collective agreements are typically renewed on a periodic basis and often include provisions for resolving disputes that may arise between the employer and the employees. These provisions may include the use of mediation or binding arbitration to resolve conflicts.
In summary, a collective agreement is a legally binding contract between a union and an employer that sets out the terms and conditions of employment for a group of workers. It is negotiated through a process of collective bargaining and serves to establish a level of fairness and mutual respect between the employer and the employees.